Ocean breezes, warm water and relaxing beaches are
just a few things for visitors to enjoy while staying in Falmouth. Once a
major center for shipbuilding, whaling and agriculture, Falmouth is now a
key departure and connecting point for ferries headed to Martha's Vineyard
and Nantucket. The Falmouth Historical Society Museum features manicured
gardens and two housesthe Julia Wood House and the Conant Housethat
contain a variety of period furnishings and historic items. Many
opportunities for recreation are also based out of Falmouth, including deep
sea fishing, kayaking and canoeing. West of Falmouth is South Cape Beach
State Park, which features over a mile of white sand beach, walking trails
and interpretive programs in the summer. A tradition for over 130 years,
Barnstable County Fair is an annual summer event with livestock shows, arts
and crafts displays, a family circus, live music, amusement rides and more.|
Information on Falmouth
Falmouth lies on the southwestern tip of Cape Cod. It is bordered by Bourne and Sandwich to the north, Mashpee to the east, Vineyard Sound to the south, and Buzzards Bay to the west. At its closest point, Falmouth is approximately 560 yards (510 m) from Nonamesset Island, the easternmost island of the town of Gosnold and the Elizabeth Islands. It is also approximately 3-1/3 miles north-northwest of Martha's Vineyard, the closest land to the island. Falmouth is approximately fourteen miles south of the Bourne Bridge, twenty miles (32 km) west of Barnstable, and seventy miles south-southeast of Boston.
Falmouth is a town in Barnstable County, Massachusetts, United States;
Barnstable County is coextensive with Cape Cod. The population was 32,660 at
the 2000 census. Today Falmouth is well known as the terminal for the
Steamship Authority ferries to Martha's Vineyard and as the home of several
scientific organizations such as the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution,
WHOI, The Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL) and the Woods Hole Research
Falmouth's topography is similar to the rest of Cape Cod's, with many small
ponds, creeks and inlets surrounded by the pines and oaks of the Cape and
often rocky beachfront. Falmouth's southern shore is notable for a series of
ponds and rivers spaced very closely together, all of which travel some
distance into the town. These include, from west to east, Falmouth Inner
Harbor, Little Pond, Great Pond (which leads to the Dexter and Coonamessett
Rivers), Green Pond, Bourne's Pond, Eel Pond (which leads to Childs River),
and Waquoit Bay, which lies along the Mashpee town line.
A Brief History|
Falmouth was first settled by English colonists in 1660 and was officially
incorporated in 1686, and named by Bartholomew Gosnold for Falmouth,
Cornwall, England, his home port. Early principal activities were farming,
salt works, whaling, shipping, and sheep. Sheep husbandry was very popular
due to the introduction of Merino sheep and the beginnings of water-powered
mills that could process the wool. In 1837, Falmouth averaged about 50 sheep
per sq. mile.
Falmouth saw brief action in the War of 1812 when the area around Falmouth
Heights, on its southern coast, was bombarded by several British frigates
and ships of the line, and Massachusetts militia hastily entrenched
themselves on the beaches to repulse a possible British landing which never
came. By 1872 the train had come to Falmouth and Woods Hole and some of the
first summer homes were established. By the late 1800s cranberries were
being cultivated and strawberries were being raised for the Boston market.
Large scale dairying was tried in the early 1900s in interior regions. After
the improvement in highways, and thanks in part to the heavy use of
neighboring Otis Air National Guard Base during WWII, population growth
increased significantly. There were large home building booms in the 1970s
followed by others in the 1980s and 1990s.
It is the birthplace in 1859 of Katharine Lee Bates, author, poet, and
lyricist of America the Beautiful.
Robert Manry sailed from Falmouth in 1965 aboard his 13.5 foot (4 m)
sailboat reaching Falmouth, England 78 days later.
Falmouth is a beautiful place, but if you wanted to go
more inland and Appalachia you could visit the Hocking Hills in Ohio.
The Hocking Hills are surrounded by state parks and forests. There are
plenty of activities to do including: hiking, fishing, rock climbing, zip
lining, horseback riding, camping, atv riding, and canoeing. For more
information on the area and where to stay, visit